Amaenia in Pregnancy

      Anaemia is commonest medical disorder in pregnancy. 18-20% pregnant women are anaemic in developed countries as compared to 40-75% in developing countries. It is responsible (directly/contributory factor) for significantly high maternal and foetal...

Screening for Ovarian Cancer

Ovarian Cancer is the most deadly cancer among all gynaecological cancers as it gets diagnosed mostly in advanced stages. At present no definite screening test is available for ovarian cancer. There are tests like transvaginal ultrasound and CA-125 (tumour marker)...

Recurrent pregnancy losses

Spontaneous early pregnancy loss is a common problem, with approximately 15% of all clinically recognized pregnancies resulting in pregnancy failure. Early pregnancy loss, also referred to as miscarriage or spontaneous abortion, is defined as the loss of a clinical...

Premenstrual Syndrome

Every girl does not have Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS). The symptoms of PMS usually begin during the week before their period that lessen or disappear within 1-2 days after their period starts. Symptoms can usually be treated with lifestyle changes such as exercise and...

Normal Delivery: How to improve chances

It has been seen that presently the rates of caesarean deliveries are very high in most of the hospitals. This may be because we have now improved methods to detect high risk cases and manage them timely. Sometimes it is the choice of patient for caesarean delivery...
Hereditary Gynaecologic cancers

Hereditary Gynaecologic cancers

Cancer is a genetic disease that is either inherited or somatic. It is important to emphasize that hereditary cancer risk assessment is an important process. Genetic counselling is important for patients with suspected inherited risk and should be recommended before...

Hepatitis B infection and pregnancy

All pregnant women should be routinely tested for HBsAg at the first prenatal visit even if they have been previously vaccinated or tested. If HBsAg is negative, risk factors (IV drug abusers, multiple sex partners, sex partner of HBsAg positive person, health care...

Diabetes in pregnancy

Diabetes is the most common medical problem in pregnancy, present in 3.3% of the live births. Diabetes can be present in the lady from before the pregnancy or it may develop later during pregnancy, which is called as gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). To...

Challenge of cancer cervix

HPV and cytologic cotesting is more sensitive to detect precancerous and high risk cases for carcinoma cervix. This testing is advisable wherever possible instead of simple pap smear cytology. If the cotesting is negative there are no chances of cancer development in...

Abnormal Uterine Bleeding

Abnormal uterine bleeding (AUB) is a common complaint in women leading to approximately one third of visits to doctor and a substantial loss in productivity in the workplace. The causes can be endometrial polyp, adenomyosis, fibroid uterus, cancer, hormonal...